Tomcat安装

下载Tomcat

下载地址:http://tomcat.apache.org/

安装Tomcat

# mkdir /usr/local/tomcat
# cd /usr/local/tomcat
# tar -zxvf /opt/apache-tomcat-7.0.54.tar.gz

生成链接以便版本升级

# ln -s apache-tomcat-7.0.54 server

升级时候先删除原来的后重新生成新的

# rm -rf ./server
# ln -s apache-tomcat-7.0.92 server

配置Tomcat

修改日志文件路径

修改catalina.out路径日志 tomcat/bin目录下修改catalina.sh改变catalina.out的目录

# vi /usr/local/tomcat/server/bin/catalina.sh
//命令模式下输入/CATALINA_OUT查找,按n查找下一个

CATALINA_OUT="$CATALINA_BASE"/logs/catalina.out; //此行内的"$CATALINA_BASE",更改为想要更换的目录如:CATALINA_OUT=/data/wwwlogs/catalina.out

修改localhost、catalina、manager、host-manager日志路径 打开Tomcat目录conf/logging.properties,修改

# vi /usr/local/tomcat/server/conf/logging.properties
//分别修改其路径,将${catalina.base}更改为想要更换的目录
1catalina.org.apache.juli.AsyncFileHandler.directory = ${catalina.base}/logs
2localhost.org.apache.juli.AsyncFileHandler.directory = ${catalina.base}/logs
3manager.org.apache.juli.AsyncFileHandler.directory = ${catalina.base}/logs
4host-manager.org.apache.juli.AsyncFileHandler.directory = ${catalina.base}/logs

修改localhost_access_log日志路径 打开Tomcat目录conf/server.xml,修改

# vi /usr/local/tomcat/server/conf/server.xml
//修改directory为想要更换的目录
<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="/usr/local/tomcats/logs" ...>
删除自带的项目
# cd /usr/local/tomcat/server/webapps
# rm -rf *
配置虚拟主机
方法1,直接配置conf/server.xml配置虚拟主机
<Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="wwww.aaa.com">
    <Host name="www.aaa.com" appBase="webapps_1" autoDeploy="true" unpackWARs="true" xmlNamespaceAware="false" xmlValidation="false">
        <Alias>aaa.com</Alias>
        <Context path="/" docBase="./war/aaa.war" reloadable="true" />
    </Host>
    <Host name="www.bbb.com" appBase="webapps_2" autoDeploy="true" unpackWARs="true" xmlNamespaceAware="false" xmlValidation="false">
        <Context path="/" docBase="./war/bbb.war" reloadable="true" />
    </Host>
    <Host name="www.ccc.com" appBase="webapps_3" autoDeploy="true" unpackWARs="true" xmlNamespaceAware="false" xmlValidation="false">
        <Context path="/" docBase="./war/ccc.war" reloadable="true" />
    </Host>
</Engine>
方法2,conf/server.xml引入子文件配置虚拟主机

元素前添加如下格式:

<!DOCTYPE server-xml [
  <!ENTITY localhost-vhost SYSTEM "file:///usr/local/tomcat/conf/vhost/localhost.xml">
]>

并在...引用它(localhost-vhost,注:不能以数字开头)即可。

完整代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE server-xml [
<!ENTITY vhost-wwww.aaa.com SYSTEM "file:///usr/local/tomcat/conf/vhost/wwww.aaa.com.xml">
<!ENTITY vhost-wwww.bbb.com SYSTEM "file:///usr/local/tomcat/conf/vhost/wwww.bbb.com.xml">
]>

<Server port="8005" shutdown="SHUTDOWN">
  ...
  <Service name="Catalina">
    <Connector port="8080" protocol="HTTP/1.1" connectionTimeout="20000" redirectPort="8443" />
    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="localhost">
      ...
      &vhost-wwww.aaa.com;
      &vhost-wwww.bbb.com;
    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>

每个单独虚拟主机文件内容如下: /usr/local/tomcat/conf/vhost/www.aaa.com.xml

<Host name="wwww.aaa.com" appBase="webapps" unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">
    <Alias>www.aaa.cn</Alias>
    <Context path="" docBase="/data/wwwroot/aaa" debug="0" reloadable="false" crossContext="true"/>
    <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs" prefix="wwww.aaa.com_access_log." suffix=".txt" pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" />
</Host>

/usr/local/tomcat/conf/vhost/www.bbb.com.xml

<Host name="wwww.bbb.com" appBase="webapps" unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">
    <Context path="" docBase="/data/wwwroot/bbb" debug="0" reloadable="false" crossContext="true"/>
    <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve" directory="logs" prefix="wwww.bbb.com_access_log." suffix=".txt" pattern="%h %l %u %t &quot;%r&quot; %s %b" />
</Host>
一台机器安装多个Tomcat

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